Vitamins are essential organic compounds that are required in small quantities for maintaining optimal health and preventing various diseases. They play a crucial role in various physiological processes such as metabolism, growth, and immune function. 13 essential vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

Water-soluble vitamins include vitamin C and the B-complex vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, and cobalamin). These vitamins are not stored in the body and must be consumed daily through the diet or supplementation.

Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. These vitamins are stored in the liver and adipose tissue and are absorbed along with dietary fat. Because they can accumulate in the body, excessive intake of fat-soluble vitamins can be toxic.

Each vitamin has specific functions and benefits in the body. For example, vitamin C is important for collagen synthesis, wound healing, and immune function, while vitamin D is crucial for bone health and immune system regulation. Deficiencies or excesses of certain vitamins can lead to a variety of health problems.

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