10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY. There are several ways to measure a person’s fat level or the level of adiposity based on weight and other bodily observatory functions. 10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY. HOW TO DETERMINE EXCESS WEIGHT? DUAL-ENERGY X-RAY ABSORPTION (DEXA) DEXA was first invented to measure bone density, but the imaging function of this x-ray can determine the content of fat in the human body.
HOW TO DETERMINE EXCESS WEIGHT?
To determine your weight level, you need to know your BMI, which is the body mass index.
BMI 30 or more is obesity.
BMI 25 to 30 is defined as pre-obesity.
25 or more is described as overweight or obese.
This method involves using the different masses of body fat, tissues and also identifying which part of the body contains more fat and the ones with a minimum amount of fats. It is one of the modern tests for fat considered accurate and perfect since the actual amount of fat will be sighted through the imaging found through an x-ray. DEXA requires much medical equipment which tends to be expensive, and also professionals are needed to operate the machine for accurate results.
The second method for determining body fat is hydrostatic weighing, and it involves dipping the body into the water completely. In the submersion, a
material is provided which will function in determining the body weight of the individual in the water. The submerged weight is compared with the dry
weight to determine the actual and definite overall body density of the individual. The muscle and fat level is also considered, through which the estimate of the body fat is made. This assessment tends to be close to perfect in most circumstances. Also, hydro-static weighing requires trained professionals to administer for proper results.
Using this method, the body’s electrical resistance is measured using an electric current passed through the body. It is important to know that muscle
and fat conduct electricity differently, so it is easier to determine the body fat percentage content. Unlike the above methods of determining fat, this process
requires little to no training and could be used at home by amateurs to assess their body fat percentage. However, factors such as body temperature and
hydration can affect the body mass index. So, care might need to be taken while performing this experiment.
SKIN FOLDS CALIPERS OR PINCH TEST
This method consists of pinching the skin at some point on the body and measuring the thickness of the field obtained. This pattern of measurement is
focused on the amount of fat directly under the skin. So, after the analysis, the actual body weight can be determined without further test or measurement. The measure is also aimed at determining the surface fat distribution of the body. Even though fats not directly deposited under the skin may not be measured, a further calculation will still establish a close estimate of the amount of body fat available.
In this case, your weight will be measured with a simple weighing scale and computed with the optimal required weight to determine whether your weight
is optimal or not. Although this method is the least accurate, it is almost the most widely used throughout the world. For precise measurement in
determining overweight or obesity, factors such as muscle mass, body type, and height must be put into consideration. For a start, you could use the scale, but if you doubt the result, you may need to apply more advanced methods.
BODY VOLUME INDEX
This technique is the use of 3D software to determine the actual image of a person. It functions and gives results based on BVI rating, in which the
differences in an individual’s body mass index are put into consideration. This method overcomes the obstacle of shape and other different functions or
features of the body that is particular to individuals. The software measure mainly where fats are located and do not have to calculate the total weight. The
abdomen is not the only position weight is determined, so the BVI system considered more body parts.
10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
- PREGNANCY PROBLEMS
- KIDNEY DISEASE
- FATTY LIVER DISEASE
- SLEEP APNEA
- HEART DISEASES
- HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
- Obesity and overweight can increase health risks and levels at a significantly high rate.
- These health problems include certain cancers, heart disease, diabetes, etc.
- in pregnant women; obesity can bring about long-term health problems in the mother and the baby.
2. PREGNANCY PROBLEMS
- When the need for C-section arises, there might be a problem of slow healing, which might affect the health of the mother and the baby.
- Being overweight during pregnancy will increase the risk of blood pressure, which will adversely affect the health of the baby and that of the mother in the long term.
- Mothers with Precambrian need to be treated and be observed to avoid such risks.
- High blood sugar in times of pregnancy might be a result of excess fat, which is considered gestational diabetes.
- These also occur as a result of being overweight during pregnancy.
3. KIDNEY DISEASE
- The kidney functions in filtering blood, removing waste products and water in the form of urine.
- It helps in controlling blood pressure, which keeps the body healthy and active.
- When the kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood as they should, it is termed kidney disease.
- When the filter is not proper, waste can build up in the body.
- Excess fat increases blood pressure and diabetes which are among the significant causes of kidney disease.
- According to recent studies, even in the absence of such a condition, obesity can directly cause kidney disease, especially when not controlled.
4. FATTY LIVER DISEASE
- Non-alcoholic hepatitis (NASH) which can also be referred to as fatty liver disease occurs due to the buildup of fat in the liver, which virtually causes damage.
- These fatty liver can cause several injuries which include liver failure, cirrhosis (scar tissue), severe liver damage, etc.
- At some point, fatty liver disease may produce no to mild symptoms just like an alcoholic liver disease but doesn’t occur as a result of excessive alcohol intake.
- Osteoarthritis is a health problem that causes pain and stiffness in the joints.
- This health issue is often related to age and injury. It usually affects the bones in the lower back, hips, knees, and hands.
- Being overweight is among the common risk factors for developing osteoarthritis.
- Other facts include genetic, old age, and injuries.
- Extra pressure is put on the joints due to excess weight.
- The bones and the joints covered with fibrous tissues are worn away due to the pressure of fat and the weight of the body.
- Also, high body fat may mean more harmful substances in the blood which may increase the risk of inflammation.
6. SLEEP APNEA
- One or more pauses of breath characterize this disorder during sleep.
- People with this disease may suffer heart failure, focusing on difficulty and daytime sleepiness.
- According to studies, sleep apnea could be highly caused by obesity.
- This is because a person with more fat in their neck may have a smaller airway.
- Practically, smaller airways can cause difficulty in breathing or breathing might be loud, often referred to as snoring.
- In chronic cases, breathing might stop for a moment before it will continue.
- Also, the fat stored around the neck may increase the risk of inflammation which results in cases of sleep apnea.
- This issue happens when the flow of blood to your brain stops.
- Blood clotting occurs in the artery, which prevents the movement of blood to the brain; this is referred to as an ischemic stroke.
- Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the blood vessels bursts, which is another type of stroke, although less frequent than ischemic stroke.
- Other problems often associated with strokes include heart disease, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol.
8. HEART DISEASES
- This issue occurs when the blood vessel carrying blood to the heart becomes narrow and hard.
- It leads to problems that may affect the heart in general.
- When the heart does not get enough blood, more risk tends to develop.
- Some issues may keep the heart from pumping enough blood to the body.
People with heart disease suffer abnormal heart rhythm, chest pain, sudden cardiac death, heart failure, or heart attack.
- Obesity is linked to health problems that may lead to heart disease.
- These health problems include high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.
- Excess fat pushes the heart to use more energy into pumping blood to the body.
9. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
- This is the force with which your blood pushes against the walls of your arteries.
- The pumping occurs every time the heart beats, and it drives blood through the arteries to other parts of the body.
Although high blood pressure doesn’t have symptoms, it can cause diseases such as kidney failure, stroke, and severe heart diseases.
- 120/80 mm Hg blood pressure is considered as usual. 140 or higher, and 90 or more are considered high blood pressure.
- The top number is usually referred to as systolic blood pressure while the bottom number is known as the diastolic blood pressure.
- Naturally, a large body size contributes to the need for the heart to push harder, therefore, leading to blood pressure.
10. TYPE 2 DIABETES
- 10 GREAT HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY- Type 2 Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are above average.
- According to a study in 2009, diabetes happens to be the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S. Major causes of diabetes include excess body weight, especially around the waist, poor diet, low level of physical activity.
The population of people with type 2 diabetes who are obese is about 80 percent.
- Even though the direct cause of diabetes due to excess fat is not apparent, studies show that cells change in overweight individuals who make them resistant to insulin.
- This means when your body is insulin resistant, the taking up of blood sugar by cells will be reduced therefore resulting in high blood sugar.
- Losing weight might help minimize the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.